Cited works

A huge thank you to the following for permission to use all those quotes found in Clutch:

Quotes courtesy of the Afro-American Newspapers (Sam Lacy); Pittsburgh Courier archives (Wendell Smith); Postmedia Network Inc. for the Montreal Gazette (Dink Carroll, Bill Reddy, Branch Rickey, Mel Jones) and Montreal Daily Star (Baz O’Meara, Lloyd McGowan, Clay Hopper, Frank Shaughnessy, Jean-Pierre Roy); Simon & Schuster (Dale Carnegie’s How to Win Friends & Influence People); and Sporting News (“‘Nice Guys’ Wind Up in Last Place” headline). All rights reserved. Reprinted with permission.


Opener: Baltimore Afro-American, March 16, 1946

Chapter 1: Montreal Daily Star, April 18, 1946

Chapter 2: Montreal Daily Star, March 1, 1946

Chapter 3: Montreal Daily Star, April 18, 1946; Baz O’Meara, ibid

Chapter 4: Baltimore Afro-American, March 2, 1946; Lloyd McGowan in the Montreal Daily Star, July 8, 1946

Chapter 5: Montreal Gazette, April 20, 1946

Chapter 6: Montreal Daily Star, April 18, 1946

Chapter 7: Pittsburgh Courier, October 25, 1945

Chapter 8: Montreal Gazette, October 25, 1945

Chapter 9: Montreal Daily Star, October, 4, 1946

Chapter 10: Montreal Gazette, August 12, 1946

Chapter 11: Montreal Daily Star, October 3, 1946

Chapter 12: Montreal Daily Star, October 24, 1945

Chapter 13: Bill Reddy, sports editor of the Syracuse Post Standard in the Montreal Gazette, October 7, 1946

Chapter 14: Montreal Gazette, April 20, 1946; Lloyd McGowan in the Montreal Daily Star, August 10, 1946

Chapter 15: Montreal Daily Star, April 18, 1946

Chapter 16: Montreal Gazette, October 7, 1946

Chapter 17: Montreal Daily Star, April 20, 1946

Chapter 18: Montreal Daily Star, October 4, 1946

Chapter 19: Montreal Daily Star, October 4, 1946

Chapter 20: Montreal Daily Star, April 18, 1946

Chapter 21: Montreal Gazette, April 20, 1946; headline in Montreal Daily Star, October 1, 1946

Chapter 22: Baltimore Afro-American, May 18, 1946

Chapter 23: Montreal Gazette, October 7, 1946

Chapter 24: Pittsburgh Courier, May 4, 1946

Chapter 25: Montreal Daily Star, October 25, 1972

Chapter 26: Montreal Gazette, October 24, 1945

Chapter 27: Montreal Gazette, April 20, 1946

Chapter 28: Montreal Star, April 20, 1946

Chapter 29: Baltimore Afro-American, May 18, 1946; Carnegie, Dale, How to Win Friends & Influence People. Gallery Books, 1998

Chapter 30: Montreal Gazette, October 7, 1946; headline in The Sporting News, July 17, 1946

Chapter 31: Pittsburgh Courier, January 4, 1947